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Lineage Most common countries Earliest date Count Travel History Recall rate Description
A UK (23%), China (21%), USA (7%) December 30 613 China to Australia, Vietnam (2), USA to New_Zealand (1), Saudia_Arabia to Turkey (2) 0.94 Root of the pandemic lies within lineage A. Many sequences originating from China and many global exports; including to South East Asia, Japan, South Korea, Australia, the USA and Europe, represented in this lineage
A.1 USA (84%), Australia (7%), Canada (4%) February 24 1104 0.97 A North American lineage (BS=16)
A.1.1 Iceland (88%), USA (12%) March 11 8 USA to Iceland (6) 0.88 Iceland lineage (BS=94)
A.1.3 Lineage reassigned. Previously Australian lineage, structure has split up into the diverity of A.1, so all reassigned A.1
A.1.3 Lineage reassigned. Previously Australian lineage, structure has split up into the diverity of A.1, so all reassigned A.1
A.2 Spain (64%), UK (20%), Panama (4%) February 26 520 Spain to Brazil, China (2) 0.98 Majoritively Spanish lineage now with a variety of other locations represented, including South and Central American sequences, other European countries and Kazakhstan.
A.2.1 Panama (69%), UK (29%), Spain (2%) February 20 109 0.24 Lineage with sequences predominantly from Panama
A.2.2 Australia (91%), UK (4%), New_Zealand (2%) March 17 96 0.99 Australian lineage nested within the diversity of A.2
A.2.3 UK (100%) March 12 212 0.98 Scottish lineage nested within the diversity of A.2
A.3 USA (82%), UK (7%), Australia (5%) January 28 332 USA to New_Zealand (1) 0.99 USA and Australian lineage
A.4 USA (100%) March 13 22 1.0 USA lineage nested in A diveristy
A.5 Spain (52%), UK (30%), Uruguay (3%) February 28 239 0.99 A lineage with a lot of representation from Spanish-speaking countries. A Spanish/ South-American lineage, but now with sequences from an outbreak in Scotland
A.6 Thailand (92%), Singapore (5%), Japan (3%) January 25 37 0.95 Lineage from an introduction event into Thailand, now including a couple of exports
A.7 India (100%) May 06 15 1.0 Indian lineage, including Saudi Arabian & Turkish sequences. A.7, A.8 and A.9 are all lineages with diversity from India, however are difficult to resolve confidently, potentially due to ambiguities or homoplasies in the sequences. All are nested within the diversity of A.
A.8 Lineage reassigned. Merged with sister Indian lineage A.7. A.7, A.8 and A.9 are all lineages with diversity from India, however are difficult to resolve confidently, potentially due to ambiguities or homoplasies in the sequences. All are nested within the diversity of A.
A.8 Lineage reassigned. Merged with sister Indian lineage A.7. A.7, A.8 and A.9 are all lineages with diversity from India, however are difficult to resolve confidently, potentially due to ambiguities or homoplasies in the sequences. All are nested within the diversity of A.
A.9 UK (52%), India (48%) March 13 27 0.1 Indian lineage. A.7, A.8 and A.9 are all lineages with diversity from India, however are difficult to resolve confidently, potentially due to ambiguities or homoplasies in the sequences. All are nested within the diversity of A.
B UK (55%), China (15%), USA (11%) December 24 1696 China to Cambodia, Singapore, Canada (3), Switzerland to Iceland (1), USA to China (2), Saudia_Arabia to Turkey (1), France to China (1) 0.92 Base of this lineage also lies in China, with many global exports, two distinct SNPs `8782TC` and `28144CT` define this lineage
B.1 UK (49%), USA (29%), France (2%) January 10 21394 Italy to Brazil, China, Iceland, Finland (9), Iran to Turkey, Finland, Lebanon (3), UK to China, Iceland (7), Spain to Iceland (2), USA to China, Iceland, Costa_Rica (5), Austria to China, Iceland (12), Denmark to Iceland (2), Switzerland to Iceland (1), France to Costa_Rica, Madagascar, China, Brazil, Iceland, Benin (6), Faroe_Islands to Iceland (1), Canada to China (1), Norway to China (1), Togo to Benin (1), United_Arab_Emirates to Brazil (2), United_States to USA (2) 0.94 A large European lineage that corresponds to the Italian outbreak.
B.1.1 UK (83%), USA (5%), Portugal (1%) February 10 28655 Italy to Czech_Republic, Chile, Thailand, Iceland, Nigeria, Mexico (11), UK to Slovakia, China, Iceland (7), Switzerland to Iceland (1), Austria to Iceland (1), Finland to Iceland (1), Saudia_Arabia to Turkey (1), Hungary to China (3), Nicaragua to Costa_Rica (2), Maldives to Slovakia (1) 0.97 European lineage that's been assigned due to high support and 3 clear SNPs `28881GA`,`28882GA`,`28883GC`
B.1.1.1 UK (88%), Peru (2%), South_Africa (1%) March 03 2318 Austria to Iceland (2) 0.56 UK/ Europe
B.1.1.2 UK (100%) March 20 570 0.99 Welsh lineage
B.1.1.3 UK (100%) March 18 116 0.99 English lineage
B.1.1.4 UK (100%) March 31 343 0.99 UK lineage
B.1.1.5 UK (54%), Belgium (27%), Iceland (6%) March 16 52 0.05 Iceland/ Belgium/ UK
B.1.1.6 Austria (80%), Switzerland (10%), USA (10%) February 26 10 0.0 Austrian lineage
B.1.1.7 UK (89%), Japan (3%), Australia (2%) March 07 243 USA to Iceland (1) 0.98 UK lineage
B.1.1.8 India (98%), UK (2%) May 11 184 0.99 Indian lineage
B.1.1.9 Lineage reassigned. Reassigned B.1.1, split into three this week, unstable lineage
B.1.1.9 Lineage reassigned. Reassigned B.1.1, split into three this week, unstable lineage
B.1.1.10 UK (80%), Canada (7%), USA (4%) March 05 621 UK to Iceland (1), USA to Iceland (1) 0.77 Formerly UK/ Iceland, a lot of diversity in this lineage, now has a Turkish sequence.
B.1.1.p11 Lineage reassigned. Reassigned B.1.1, previously Portugal/ Wales/ England/ Ecuador
B.1.1.p11 Lineage reassigned. Reassigned B.1.1, previously Portugal/ Wales/ England/ Ecuador
B.1.1.12 UK (94%), Ecuador (3%), Switzerland (3%) March 21 35 0.72 Scottish lineage
B.1.1.13 UK (100%) March 28 16 1.0 UK lineage (CAMB)
B.1.1.14 UK (100%) April 16 59 1.0 Scottish lineage
B.1.1.15 UK (93%), Portugal (3%), Luxembourg (1%) March 09 407 0.82 Luxembourgh/ UK/ Portugal lineage
B.1.1.16 UK (98%), India (2%) April 03 52 0.97 Wales lineage (some reassigned to B.1.1 as split up in most recent phylogeny)
B.1.1.17 Iceland (89%), UK (11%) March 06 9 Italy to Iceland (1) 0.88 Iceland lineage
B.1.1.19 Lineage reassigned. Reassigned to B.1.1 as split up in most recent phylogeny. Australian lineage
B.1.1.19 Lineage reassigned. Reassigned to B.1.1 as split up in most recent phylogeny. Australian lineage
B.1.1.20 UK (59%), Portugal (16%), USA (12%) March 21 32 0.93 Scottish lineage
B.1.1.21 Lineage reassigned. Australian lineage reassigned to B.1.1 in most recent phylogeny
B.1.1.21 Lineage reassigned. Australian lineage reassigned to B.1.1 in most recent phylogeny
B.1.1.22 South African lineage
B.1.1.23 Lineage reassigned. Bangladesh lineage, merged into B.1.1.25 in most recent phylogeny
B.1.1.23 Lineage reassigned. Bangladesh lineage, merged into B.1.1.25 in most recent phylogeny
B.1.1.24 Portuguese lineage
B.1.1.25 Bangladesh (52%), UK (36%), Australia (8%) February 29 368 0.31 Bangladesh lineage
B.1.1.26 USA (60%), UK (39%), Peru (1%) March 16 77 0.89 US lineage (WA)
B.1.1.27 Oman (94%), United_Arab_Emirates (5%), UK (1%) March 21 82 1.0 Lineage in Oman
B.1.1.28 Brazil (81%), UK (12%), Australia (2%) March 15 206 0.99 Brazil lineage, some sister sequences from parent node are also from Brazil, however there's sequences from a variety of other locations on that node.
B.1.1.29 UK (100%) February 28 166 0.98 Wales lineage
B.1.1.30 UK (98%), Lithuania (1%), USA (1%) March 12 737 0.98 UK lineage (Wales & England)
B.1.1.31 UK (71%), Netherlands (28%), Spain (1%) March 25 79 0.15 Netherlands lineage
B.1.1.32 India (94%), UK (4%), USA (1%) March 24 500 0.99 Indian lineage
B.1.1.33 Brazil (76%), USA (8%), UK (4%) March 12 289 Germany to Brazil (1) 0.98 Majoritively South American lineage, lots of Brazil sequences represented
B.1.1.34 South_Africa (63%), UK (30%), USA (3%) March 19 30 1.0 South African lineage
B.1.1.35 UK (96%), Peru (1%), New_Zealand (1%) March 02 3851 UK to Iceland (1) 0.98 Previously a large part of B.1.1.1, however in the most recent phylogeny, this has become a sister lineage to B.1.1.1. UK sequences represented in this lineage.
B.1.1.36 USA (100%) April 06 23 1.0 USA (CA) lineage
B.1.1.37 UK (100%), Switzerland (0%), Netherlands (0%) March 19 2630 0.98 UK lineage (England)
B.1.1.38 UK (98%), USA (2%) April 29 111 0.99 Wales lineage
B.1.1.39 Switzerland (53%), UK (35%), Norway (8%) July 01 119 1.0 Swiss lineage
B.1.1.40 South_Africa (91%), Russia (9%) May 13 11 0.89 South African lineage
B.1.1.41 UK (100%) March 21 183 1.0 English lineage
B.1.1.42 UK (60%), Turkey (29%), Switzerland (3%) April 13 62 0.0 Turkish lineage
B.1.1.43 UK (98%), Spain (1%), USA (1%) March 20 142 0.46 Scottish lineage
B.1.1.44 UK (98%), USA (1%), Lithuania (0%) March 23 311 0.6 UK lineage
B.1.1.45 UK (100%) May 22 64 1.0 UK lineage
B.1.1.46 India (76%), UK (15%), Brazil (4%) April 20 46 1.0 Indian lineage
B.1.1.47 UK (49%), Switzerland (44%), Italy (2%) April 03 55 0.83 Swiss lineage
B.1.1.48 Japan (100%) March 29 7 0.86 Japanese lineage
B.1.1.49 UK (94%), USA (6%) March 23 70 0.04 Wales lineage
B.1.1.50 UK (51%), Israel (25%), Netherlands (23%) March 29 57 0.65 UK/ Israel lineage
B.1.1.51 UK (100%) March 25 568 0.99 UK lineage
B.1.1.52 UK (69%), South_Africa (31%) April 05 65 0.0 South African lineage (same parent node as B.1.1.53, but parent node is a large polytomy)
B.1.1.53 South_Africa (65%), USA (27%), Switzerland (4%) April 02 26 0.45 South African lineage (same parent node as B.1.1.53, but parent node is a large polytomy)
B.1.1.54 South_Africa (91%), UK (8%), USA (1%) March 19 253 Maldives to Taiwan (1) 0.71 South African lineage
B.1.1.55 UK (88%), USA (6%), France (3%) March 20 186 0.75 England lineage
B.1.1.56 South_Africa (82%), UK (17%), Australia (1%) March 21 103 0.57 South African lineage
B.1.1.57 South_Africa (91%), Russia (9%) March 31 22 1.0 South African lineage
B.1.1.58 Switzerland (67%), UK (33%) June 23 15 0.86 Swiss lineage
B.1.1.59 UK (99%), Bangladesh (1%), USA (1%) March 08 162 0.98 Wales lineage
B.1.1.60 UK (98%), USA (1%), Russia (1%) March 19 369 0.98 Northern Ireland lineage
B.1.1.61 USA (92%), Canada (5%), Italy (3%) February 29 39 0.53 USA lineage (CA)
B.1.1.62 South_Africa (75%), UK (21%), Australia (4%) March 23 24 0.7 South African lienage
B.1.1.63 Hong_Kong (68%), South_Korea (12%), UK (8%) June 30 25 0.7 Hong Kong lineage
B.1.1.64 UK (94%), USA (2%), Australia (1%) March 11 299 0.99 UK lineage
B.1.1.65 USA (97%), UK (3%) April 15 38 0.84 USA lineage (WA), previously B.1.1.26, however split in most recent phylogeny
B.1.1.66 South_Africa (62%), UK (33%), USA (3%) April 05 39 0.95 South African lineage
B.1.1.67 UK (79%), South_Africa (19%), USA (1%) May 12 132 0.32 English/ South African lineage
B.1.1.68 Russia (83%), UK (12%), USA (4%) April 03 24 0.0 Russian lineage
B.1.1.69 Switzerland/ UK/ Italy lineage
B.1.1.70 UK (68%), Switzerland (17%), Serbia (7%) March 24 301 0.72 Northern Ireland lineage
B.1.1.71 Netherlands (37%), UK (29%), Australia (7%) March 06 68 1.0 Australian/ Belgium/ Netherlands lineage
B.1.1.72 UK (41%), India (37%), Singapore (14%) March 28 106 0.71 UK/ India lineage
B.1.1.73 USA (95%), UK (5%) April 17 106 1.0 USA lineage
B.1.1.74 UK (89%), Belgium (11%), Netherlands (0%) March 29 241 1.0 Northern Ireland/ Belgium lineage
B.1.1.75 UK (39%), Belgium (25%), Sweden (11%) March 20 44 0.92 Belgium/ South Africa/ DRC lineage
B.1.1.76 USA (87%), UK (10%), Spain (3%) April 03 39 0.81 USA lineage (WA)
B.1.1.77 USA (96%), UK (3%), Peru (0%) March 18 442 0.67 USA lineage (WA)
B.1.2 USA (95%), UK (3%), United_States (1%) March 09 2717 Mexico;United_States to USA (3) 0.96 USA lineage
B.1.3 USA (77%), UK (11%), Israel (7%) March 05 810 Mexico to Brazil (1) 0.93 USA lineage
B.1.3.1 South_Korea (97%), USA (3%) May 05 165 0.42 South Korean lineage
B.1.5 UK (66%), USA (12%), Spain (12%) February 26 5636 Spain to Brazil, China, Iceland, Costa_Rica (5), Switzerland to Iceland (1), Saudia_Arabia to Turkey (1), France to Italy (2) 0.6 European lineage/ lots of Spanish sequences towards the basal end of the subtree and exports around the globe. Low support at parent node now, potentially as a result of homoplasies
B.1.5.2 Netherlands (92%), UK (5%), USA (2%) March 14 40 0.97 Netherlands lineage
B.1.5.3 Lineage reassigned. English lineage (now containing an Australian & Swedish seqeuence), reassigned B.1.5
B.1.5.3 Lineage reassigned. English lineage (now containing an Australian & Swedish seqeuence), reassigned B.1.5
B.1.5.4 Lineage reassigned. Reassigned to B.1.5 as B.1.5 now seems to be European/ Spanish, so B.1.5.4 not a new introduction
B.1.5.4 Lineage reassigned. Reassigned to B.1.5 as B.1.5 now seems to be European/ Spanish, so B.1.5.4 not a new introduction
B.1.5.5 UK (98%), Ecuador (1%), Italy (1%) April 01 117 0.63 English lineage
B.1.5.6 UK (89%), Spain (7%), Netherlands (2%) February 28 280 0.98 UK lineage
B.1.5.8 Lineage reassigned. US lineage
B.1.5.8 Lineage reassigned. US lineage
B.1.5.9 Lineage reassigned. Welsh lineage (reassigned to B.1.142 as it falls outside of B.1.5 in the most recent phylogeny)
B.1.5.9 Lineage reassigned. Welsh lineage (reassigned to B.1.142 as it falls outside of B.1.5 in the most recent phylogeny)
B.1.5.10 Lineage reassigned. UK lineage
B.1.5.10 Lineage reassigned. UK lineage
B.1.5.11 USA (72%), UK (12%), Mexico (10%) March 16 60 0.58 USA lineage
B.1.5.12 UK (62%), Gambia (17%), Senegal (13%) March 20 316 0.59 Senegal lineage
B.1.5.13 Romania (81%), UK (12%), Switzerland (6%) April 09 16 0.3 Romanian lineage
B.1.5.14 UK (53%), Russia (35%), Hong_Kong (6%) March 20 17 1.0 Russian lineage
B.1.5.15 USA (77%), UK (23%) March 18 26 0.3 USA lineage (CA)
B.1.5.16 South_Africa (100%) May 30 9 1.0 South African lineage
B.1.5.17 USA (56%), UK (41%), Spain (3%) April 10 34 0.35 USA lineage (OR & AK)
B.1.5.18 UK (100%) March 22 63 1.0 Scottish lineage (previously B.1.101)
B.1.5.19 South_Africa (100%) May 13 8 1.0 South African lineage
B.1.5.20 Romania (91%), Ukraine (9%) March 22 11 0.75 Romanian lineage
B.1.5.21 UK (100%) April 24 67 1.0 Scottish lineage
B.1.5.22 South_Africa (100%) May 13 9 1.0 South Arican lineage
B.1.5.23 UK (82%), Spain (15%), Canada (2%) March 18 65 0.85 Spanish lineage
B.1.5.24 USA (68%), Norway (24%), Mexico (8%) April 20 90 0.79 Norwegian lineage
B.1.5.25 UK (99%), USA (1%) March 21 68 0.46 UK lineage (previously B.1.99)
B.1.5.26 UK (96%), USA (2%), Switzerland (1%) April 06 81 1.0 Scottish lineage (previously B.1.100)
B.1.5.27 USA (96%), Mexico (3%), South_Korea (1%) March 30 294 1.0 USA lineage (CA)
B.1.5.28 UK (100%) April 07 34 1.0 English lineage
B.1.6 Belgium (50%), Peru (23%), DRC (10%) March 05 30 1.0 Belgian lineage
B.1.8 Netherlands (60%), UK (7%), South_Africa (6%) March 09 127 Austria to Iceland (4), UK to South_Africa (1) 0.33 Netherlands/ South African lineage, with sequences from Europe
B.1.8.1 Lineage reassigned. South African lineage (sequences reassigned to B.1.8)
B.1.8.1 Lineage reassigned. South African lineage (sequences reassigned to B.1.8)
B.1.8.2 USA (100%) April 22 19 1.0 USA (CA) lineage
B.1.9 UK (37%), Turkey (19%), Belgium (15%) March 14 155 Saudia_Arabia to Turkey (1) 0.98 Netherlands/ Belgium/ Turkey/ DRC
B.1.11 UK (98%), Australia (1%), Singapore (0%) March 11 202 0.96 UK lineage, pruned down relative to previous release. A number of sequences previously assigned B.1.11 reassigned to B.1 and some reassigned to B.1.88.
B.1.12 UK (60%), Belgium (21%), Luxembourg (14%) March 05 78 1.0 BeNeLux/ UK lineage
B.1.13 UK (96%), Australia (1%), Canada (1%) March 09 401 0.98 UK lineage
B.1.14 USA (100%) March 31 21 1.0 USA lineage
B.1.p16 Lineage reassigned. Belgium lineage, reassigned to B.1
B.1.p16 Lineage reassigned. Belgium lineage, reassigned to B.1
B.1.19 USA (68%), UK (23%), Sweden (5%) March 22 22 1.0 USA lineage (WI)
B.1.21 USA (99%), UK (1%) March 09 246 0.97 Washington (USA)
B.1.22 Netherlands (84%), UK (8%), Australia (2%) March 09 261 1.0 Netherlands lineage, now with some European sequences and some Australian sequences
B.1.23 Australia (84%), New_Zealand (8%), USA (8%) March 22 38 0.08 Australian lineage with a New Zealand sequence at base
B.1.25 Australia (43%), UK (43%), USA (14%) March 13 28 0.85 Australian lineage
B.1.26 USA (89%), UK (5%), New_Zealand (3%) March 15 523 0.98 New Zealand/ USA lineage
B.1.29 Lineage reassigned. USA lineage reassigned to B.1 as the structure of this lineage not present in the most recent phylogeny
B.1.29 Lineage reassigned. USA lineage reassigned to B.1 as the structure of this lineage not present in the most recent phylogeny
B.1.30 Lineage reassigned. English lineage
B.1.30 Lineage reassigned. English lineage
B.1.31 Lineage reassigned. Australia lineage split up this phylogeny, reassigned to B.1
B.1.31 Lineage reassigned. Australia lineage split up this phylogeny, reassigned to B.1
B.1.32 Swedish lineage
B.1.34 UK (100%) March 17 30 0.37 England lineage (NOTT)
B.1.35 UK (94%), USA (4%), Switzerland (1%) March 07 305 0.93 UK lineage (Wales & England)
B.1.36 UK (47%), India (25%), Saudi_Arabia (12%) February 16 1011 Saudia_Arabia to Turkey (1), Iran to Turkey (1) 0.76 Global lineage with lots of representation of sequences from India and Saudi Arabia. Sequences also from Europe and UK. Now includes sequences that previously had been assigned B.1.113.
B.1.36.1 UK (91%), India (5%), New_Zealand (1%) May 11 1051 0.94 Indian lineage
B.1.36.2 Bangladesh lineage
B.1.37 USA (100%) March 10 23 1.0 USA lineage (VA)
B.1.38 USA (61%), UK (39%) March 17 23 1.0 USA lineage
B.1.39 Denmark (76%), UK (11%), USA (7%) March 13 45 0.12 Danish lineage
B.1.40 UK (95%), France (4%), USA (2%) March 18 55 0.68 Scottish lineage
B.1.41 Lineage reassigned. USA lineage: Split up in most recent phylogeny, reassigned to B.1
B.1.41 Lineage reassigned. USA lineage: Split up in most recent phylogeny, reassigned to B.1
B.1.42 Sweden/ Denmark lineage
B.1.43 USA lineage
B.1.44 UK (100%) March 25 133 0.97 Wales lineage
B.1.66 English lineage
B.1.67 UK (96%), Ecuador (4%) March 25 23 1.0 Welsh lineage, sequence from Ecuador
B.1.68 USA lineage (UT)
B.1.68.1 USA (100%) May 07 7 0.83 USA lineage (TX)
B.1.69 UK (100%) March 06 23 1.0 Scottish lineage
B.1.70 UK (98%), USA (2%) March 13 53 1.0 Scottish lineage
B.1.71 UK (97%), Switzerland (1%), Gambia (1%) March 14 74 0.0 UK lineage (Scotland and Wales sequences )
B.1.72 UK (95%), USA (5%) March 16 65 0.92 UK lineage (BRIS)
B.1.74 Spain (70%), Portugal (7%), Canada (7%) March 01 27 1.0 Spanish lineage, with sequences from Portugal too
B.1.75 UK (96%), Mexico (1%), Luxembourg (1%) March 06 167 0.99 English lineage
B.1.76 UK (99%), Norway (1%) February 24 85 0.28 English lineage
B.1.77 UK (97%), Canada (2%), USA (1%) February 24 184 1.0 UK lineage
B.1.78 UK (74%), Netherlands (14%), Belgium (8%) March 13 499 0.87 Netherlands lineage
B.1.79 UK (95%), USA (3%), India (1%) March 17 182 1.0 Lineage reassigned. English lineage, now reassigned to B.1.5
B.1.79 Lineage reassigned. English lineage, now reassigned to B.1.5
B.1.80 India (82%), UK (12%), Australia (2%) April 06 103 0.97 Indian lineage with an English sequence
B.1.81 UK (98%), Iceland (2%) March 16 40 Austria to Iceland (1) 0.94 English lineage
B.1.82 UK (100%) May 13 49 0.97 English lineage
B.1.83 Belgium (83%), USA (8%), UK (8%) March 24 24 0.3 Belgian lineage
B.1.84 DRC (100%) April 10 23 1.0 DRC lineage
B.1.85 USA lineage
B.1.86 English lineage (SHEF)
B.1.87 Indian lineage, with some Chinese and South African sequences
B.1.88 UK (96%), Australia (1%), Romania (1%) March 12 119 0.89 UK lineage, previously some of these seqeunces had been assigned B.1.11, but this clade has split in the tree.
B.1.89 UK (92%), Switzerland (3%), France (3%) March 07 90 0.99 Scottish lineage
B.1.90 UK (100%) March 18 107 0.79 Scottish lineage
B.1.91 Portugal (100%) March 14 79 1.0 Portuguese lineage, parent node in B.1 also has Portuguese diversity, however is interspersed with sequences from UK and other European countries
B.1.93 UK (98%), Switzerland (1%), Spain (0%) March 11 1305 1.0 UK lineage, majoritively Scottish sequences
B.1.94 Luxembourg (79%), Switzerland (7%), USA (7%) March 15 14 1.0 Luxembourg lineage
B.1.95 India (100%) April 14 13 0.9 Indian lineage
B.1.96 Netherlands (80%), USA (12%), UK (8%) March 14 25 0.8 Netherlands lineage
B.1.97 UK (100%) March 24 37 1.0 English lineage
B.1.98 UK (91%), USA (4%), Australia (2%) February 03 653 Spain to Iceland (1), UK to Iceland (1) 0.99 UK lineage with some USA and Australian sequences in
B.1.99 Lineage reassigned. Now reassigned to B.1.5.25, English lineage
B.1.99 Lineage reassigned. Now reassigned to B.1.5.25, English lineage
B.1.100 Lineage reassigned. Reassigned to B.1.5.26, Scottish lineage
B.1.100 Lineage reassigned. Reassigned to B.1.5.26, Scottish lineage
B.1.101 Lineage reassigned. Scottish lineage, reassigned to B.1.5.18
B.1.101 Lineage reassigned. Scottish lineage, reassigned to B.1.5.18
B.1.102 UK (60%), Iceland (33%), USA (4%) February 24 48 0.35 Icelandic lineage
B.1.103 USA (100%) April 09 17 0.45 US lineage (MI)
B.1.104 UK (97%), USA (2%), Singapore (1%) March 19 234 0.29 English lineage
B.1.105 UK (100%) March 06 107 0.74 English lineage (CAMB)
B.1.106 UK (36%), South_Africa (34%), USA (25%) March 16 59 0.95 South African lineage, some USA sequences
B.1.107 Denmark (33%), UK (32%), USA (28%) March 16 69 0.34 Danish lineage, with new USA and UK sequences nested within (previously B.1.5/ B.1.5.8)
B.1.108 USA (100%) March 14 24 0.0 US lineage
B.1.109 Luxembourg (100%) April 12 8 0.88 Luxembourg lineage
B.1.110 USA (67%), UK (18%), Chile (11%) March 02 97 1.0 Chilean/ US lineage
B.1.111 UK (50%), Colombia (33%), USA (10%) March 07 30 0.0 South American/ English lineage
B.1.112 USA (100%) April 07 49 1.0 US lineage (UT & WI)
B.1.113 India (98%), UK (2%) June 03 44 0.84 Indian lineage, some sequences reassigned from B.1.36
B.1.114 Canada (95%), USA (3%), Singapore (2%) March 19 59 1.0 Canadian lineage
B.1.115 UK (59%), Israel (37%), USA (5%) March 22 41 0.73 Israel/ UK lineage
B.1.116 USA (100%) April 29 24 1.0 US lineage
B.1.117 UK (99%), Canada (1%) March 30 68 0.65 UK lineage (BRIS)
B.1.118 Denmark (86%), USA (14%) March 19 14 0.8 Danish lineage
B.1.119 USA (68%), UK (21%), Canada (12%) March 17 34 1.0 US lineage (MI)
B.1.120 UK (100%) March 27 142 0.97 Wales lineage
B.1.121 Australian lineage
B.1.122 Welsh lineage
B.1.123 Lineage reassigned. Washington lineage, had previously been part of B.1.21, and has rejoined it in the most recent phylogeny
B.1.123 Lineage reassigned. Washington lineage, had previously been part of B.1.21, and has rejoined it in the most recent phylogeny
B.1.124 USA (100%) March 26 40 0.95 USA lineage (WA)
B.1.125 South African lineage
B.1.126 Germany (94%), Bosnia_and_Herzegovina (6%) March 23 18 1.0 German lineage
B.1.127 Ukraine (64%), UK (18%), Switzerland (9%) April 03 11 0.25 Ukraine/ Latvian lineage
B.1.128 DRC (40%), Switzerland (35%), Canada (12%) March 13 40 1.0 European/ DRC lineage
B.1.129 Sweden (83%), UK (8%), Russia (4%) March 18 24 0.1 Swedish lineage
B.1.130 UK (71%), Saudi_Arabia (22%), USA (3%) March 20 59 0.05 Saudi Arabian lineage, some sequences had previously been assigned B.1.36. Possible that it may be reassigned B.1.36 again in future due to uncertainty in ML searching.
B.1.131 Ukraine (50%), UK (22%), Italy (17%) February 23 18 0.1 Ukraine lineage
B.1.132 UK (54%), India (37%), USA (8%) March 27 52 0.0 Indian lineage, some sequences previously assigned B.1.36 & B.1.113. Possible that it may be reassigned B.1.36 again in future due to uncertainty in ML searching.
B.1.133 South_Africa (90%), UK (10%) April 07 10 0.14 South African lineage
B.1.134 USA (73%), UK (27%) April 08 66 1.0 USA lineage (OR)
B.1.135 Portugal (100%) March 18 6 0.5 Small Portuguese lineage
B.1.136 India (73%), UK (27%) March 27 30 1.0 Indian lineage
B.1.137 USA (100%) April 13 22 0.45 USA lineage (UT)
B.1.138 Australia (100%) March 22 6 0.75 Small Australian lineage
B.1.139 USA (96%), UK (3%), Cuba (1%) March 04 178 0.98 USA lineage
B.1.140 UK (51%), South_Africa (45%), Hong_Kong (1%) March 04 87 0.92 South African/ English lineage
B.1.141 UK (97%), USA (1%), India (0%) March 10 621 0.33 Scottish lineage
B.1.142 UK (100%), Sweden (0%) March 01 368 1.0 Welsh lineage (B.1.5.9 reassigned as it falls outside of B.1.5 in the most recent phylogeny)
B.1.143 India (83%), UK (6%), Luxembourg (3%) March 15 36 0.27 Indian lineage
B.1.144 UK (81%), USA (17%), South_Africa (2%) March 21 431 0.0 South African lineage
B.1.145 India (100%) April 21 12 1.0 Indian lineage
B.1.146 Switzerland (73%), Austria (13%), Netherlands (7%) May 23 15 0.9 Swiss lineage
B.1.147 Canada (47%), UK (29%), Belgium (9%) March 04 104 0.4 Canadian lineage, with French, Belgian, DRC and English sequences
B.1.148 UK (100%), India (0%) March 03 258 0.67 English lineage
B.1.149 DRC (58%), UK (24%), Netherlands (15%) April 08 33 0.0 DRC lineage
B.1.150 India (80%), Iran (10%), UK (10%) March 18 10 0.5 Indian lineage with very long branch Iran sequence
B.1.151 UK (95%), USA (2%), France (2%) March 14 133 0.97 UK lineage
B.1.152 UK (100%) March 29 40 0.95 English lineage
B.1.153 UK (90%), Belgium (2%), Poland (1%) March 12 93 0.94 English lineage with some Australian, New Zealand and European sequences
B.1.154 USA (100%) April 21 22 0.75 USA lineage
B.1.155 USA (WA) lineage
B.1.156 UK (100%) March 20 53 0.98 Scottish lineage
B.1.157 UK (77%), Spain (19%), Netherlands (1%) March 08 152 0.98 UK lineage with some European sequences
B.1.158 Egypt (50%), Finland (38%), Norway (6%) March 13 16 0.55 Finland lineage
B.1.159 France (62%), DRC (12%), Bangladesh (6%) March 28 16 0.9 France/ Bangladesh lineage
B.1.160 UK (72%), Saudi_Arabia (8%), India (6%) February 04 1464 0.3 Previously part of B.1.36: Tukey, India Saudi Arabia lineage (split in the most recent phylogeny)
B.1.160.1 UK (91%), Austria (3%), India (2%) March 13 206 0.47 English lineage nested in diversity of B.1.160
B.1.161 USA (96%), Canada (4%) March 23 27 0.68 USA lineage (OR)
B.1.162 USA (95%), Canada (2%), UK (2%) March 26 41 0.47 USA lineage (WI)
B.1.163 USA (100%) March 16 14 1.0 USA lineage (CA & OR)
B.1.164 Latvia (92%), South_Korea (8%) June 24 13 0.85 Latvian lineage
B.1.165 UK (93%), USA (7%) April 16 71 1.0 English lineage
B.1.166 USA (87%), UK (11%), Netherlands (2%) March 04 46 0.92 USA lineage (CA)
B.1.167 UK (100%) March 27 13 1.0 UK lineage
B.1.168 UK (100%) April 07 44 0.97 Scottish lineage
B.1.169 USA (100%) March 25 112 0.85 USA lineage (WA & OR)
B.1.170 German lineage
B.1.171 Lineage with sequences from Israel
B.1.172 USA lineage (CA) (also Ireland)
B.1.173 USA lineage (WA) (also Sierra Leone)
B.1.174 English lineage
B.1.175 English lineage (CAMB)
B.1.176 UK (100%) March 29 18 1.0 English lineage (SHEF)
B.1.177 UK (98%), Spain (1%), Switzerland (1%) June 20 11001 1.0 Lineage originating in Spain and has become widespread. Three SNPs define this lineage C22227T, C28932T and G29645T. Equates to the 20A.EU1 cluster in Hodcroft et al 2020.
B.2 UK (78%), USA (4%), Spain (4%) January 16 2120 UK to China, Iceland (3), Italy to Iceland (1) 0.74 European lineage
B.2.1 UK (93%), USA (2%), Australia (1%) January 23 2578 UK to Iceland (1) 0.96 Large lineage majoritively from UK and Australia with representation from Europe, Jordan, USA, India, Ghana (BS=21)
B.2.2 UK (92%), USA (2%), Australia (2%) February 25 473 Switzerland to Iceland (1) 0.23 Lineage with representation from UK/ USA/ Australia
B.2.4 UK (81%), New_Zealand (8%), Australia (6%) March 03 187 0.99 England/ Australia/ New Zealand lineage (BS=94)
B.2.5 Lineage reassigned. Reassigned to B.2 this week, consistently low support with similar metadata now present in parent lineage.
B.2.5 Lineage reassigned. Reassigned to B.2 this week, consistently low support with similar metadata now present in parent lineage.
B.2.6 UK (90%), Australia (4%), USA (3%) March 05 79 1.0 UK lineage
B.2.7 Iceland (100%) March 12 13 0.0 Iceland lineage
B.2.8 Hong_Kong (100%) February 08 23 0.88 Hong Kong lineage nested within B.2, B.2 also contains diversity from Hong Kong along with sequences from around the globe.
B.2.9 Lineage reassigned. Reassigned B.2 as similiar diversity to parent nodes
B.2.9 Lineage reassigned. Reassigned B.2 as similiar diversity to parent nodes
B.2.10 South_Korea (86%), UK (12%), USA (2%) February 18 50 0.23 South Korean lineage
B.2.11 Israel (88%), Taiwan (12%) March 17 8 0.38 Lineage with sequences from Israel
B.2.12 USA (87%), UK (13%) March 15 31 1.0 USA lineage
B.3 UK (89%), Germany (2%), Belgium (1%) February 23 1330 Austria to Iceland (1), UK to Iceland (1) 0.99 A European lineage with a lot of Welsh sequences
B.4 UK (20%), Australia (17%), India (12%) January 18 301 Iran to Turkey, Lebanon, Canada, New_Zealand, Australia (7), UK to Lebanon (1), Italy to China (1), France to China (1) 0.95 Iran lineage, many sequences we have of this lineage are associated with travel histories from Iran. Significant number of sequences from the UAE, Kenya and Australia
B.4.1 Kazakhstan (100%) April 19 10 1.0 A small lineage from Kazakhstan within the B.4 diversity
B.4.2 Bahrain (92%), United_Arab_Emirates (8%) February 25 13 1.0 A lineage with mostly sequences from Bahrein
B.4.3 Australia (100%) March 10 24 0.83 Australian lineage nested within the diversity of B.4
B.5 Japan (89%), USA (11%) February 10 9 1.0 Japanese lineage
B.6 India (41%), Singapore (40%), Australia (5%) February 14 933 Pakistan to China (1) 0.99 Indian and Singapore lineage with global diversity. Within this lineage, Indian sequences are the majority of the sequences present at the base of the lineage. Towards the tips, there is a greater representation of sequences derived from Singapore. There is also representation from South East Asia/ North America/ Europe/ Israel/ Gambia/ Timor-leste
B.6.1 Malaysia (94%), Brunei (6%) March 21 17 0.6 Malaysian lineage
B.7 Lineage reassigned. Hong Kong lineage reassigned to B.2.8 (BS=75)
B.7 Lineage reassigned. Hong Kong lineage reassigned to B.2.8 (BS=75)
B.9 UK (91%), Australia (5%), New_Zealand (2%) March 12 81 0.26 Lineage with sequences from the UK, Australia and New Zealand
B.10 UK (99%), Switzerland (1%) March 11 127 1.0 Lineage with a lot of representation from sequences in the UK, including Northern Ireland, England and Scotland
B.11 UK (53%), Netherlands (34%), Belgium (3%) January 29 267 Netherlands to Ecuador (1) 0.97 European lineage with sequences from the Netherlands, UK, Austria, Slovakia
B.12 Japan (94%), Malaysia (3%), UK (3%) January 20 35 1.0 Japan lineage (BS=100)
B.13 USA (62%), UK (38%) April 06 13 0.2 USA (WI) lineage located off the polytomy at the base of the B lineage
B.14 USA (CA) lineage
B.15 UK (100%) March 11 62 1.0 UK lineage (England and Wales)
B.16 UK (100%) March 13 272 0.99 Scottish lineage
B.17 USA (100%) March 23 7 0.67 US lineage (WI)
B.18 UK (89%), Iceland (11%) March 16 28 UK to Iceland (1) 0.43 European lineage (Iceland and England)
B.19 USA (74%), UK (26%) March 31 19 0.6 US lineage (CA)
B.20 UK (61%), USA (39%) March 17 31 0.35 US lineage (CA)
B.21 UK (90%), Australia (5%), Japan (3%) March 05 63 0.4 UK lineage
B.22 Denmark lineage (BS=100)
B.23 UK (96%), Iceland (1%), Portugal (1%) February 28 340 UK to Iceland (1), Austria to Iceland (1) 0.98 Lineage with representation from mainly UK sequences, but also sequences from Portugal, Iceland and Brazil
B.24 UK (98%), China (2%) March 02 66 UK to China (1) 0.07 Scottish lineage
B.25 UK (100%) March 06 22 0.23 English lineage
B.26 UK (99%), Australia (1%) March 16 77 0.11 Scottish lineage
B.27 UK (97%), Switzerland (2%), Curacao (2%) March 03 62 1.0 English lineage
C.1 South_Africa (99%), UK (1%) June 03 126 0.99 South African lineage (Alias of B.1.1.1.1)
C.2 South_Africa (92%), UK (8%) June 09 13 1.0 South African lineage (Alias of B.1.1.1.2)
C.3 UK (100%) April 12 143 1.0 English lineage (Alias of B.1.1.1.3)
D.1 UK (100%) July 21 2197 0.99 UK lineage (Alias of B.1.1.25.2)
D.2 Australia (100%) March 19 1846 0.98 Australian lineage (Alias of B.1.1.25.1)