The following external software is run as part of pangolin:


L.-T. Nguyen, H.A. Schmidt, A. von Haeseler, B.Q. Minh (2015) IQ-TREE: A fast and effective stochastic algorithm for estimating maximum likelihood phylogenies.. Mol. Biol. Evol., 32:268-274.

D.T. Hoang, O. Chernomor, A. von Haeseler, B.Q. Minh, L.S. Vinh (2018) UFBoot2: Improving the ultrafast bootstrap approximation. Mol. Biol. Evol., 35:518–522.

Stéphane Guindon, Jean-François Dufayard, Vincent Lefort, Maria Anisimova, Wim Hordijk, Olivier Gascuel, New Algorithms and Methods to Estimate Maximum-Likelihood Phylogenies: Assessing the Performance of PhyML 3.0, Systematic Biology, Volume 59, Issue 3, May 2010, Pages 307–321,


Katoh, Standley 2013 (Molecular Biology and Evolution 30:772-780) MAFFT multiple sequence alignment software version 7: improvements in performance and usability. (outlines version 7)


Heng Li, Minimap2: pairwise alignment for nucleotide sequences, Bioinformatics, Volume 34, Issue 18, 15 September 2018, Pages 3094–3100,


Köster, Johannes and Rahmann, Sven. “Snakemake - A scalable bioinformatics workflow engine”. Bioinformatics 2012.