Lineage B

Lineage summaries

B lineage summary figure

Lineage name Most common countries Date range Number of taxa Known Travel Recall value
B UK (42%), China (23%), USA (15%) December 24 to July 02 1096 China to Canada, Cambodia, India, Singapore, Taiwan (5), Switzerland to Iceland (1), USA to China (2), Japan to Taiwan (1), Indonesia to Taiwan (1), France to China (1), UK to South_Africa (1), Saudia_Arabia to Turkey (1) 0.9
B.1 UK (41%), USA (30%), Australia (3%) February 21 to August 19 10651 UK to Iceland, China (10), Iran to Turkey, Lebanon, Finland (3), Spain to Iceland (2), Austria to Iceland, China (13), Italy to Iceland, China, Finland (8), France to China, Costa_Rica, Benin, Madagascar, Iceland, Taiwan (7), USA;Czech_Republic to Taiwan (1), Poland to Taiwan (1), USA to Taiwan, China, Costa_Rica (7), Canada to China (1), Togo to Benin (1), Faroe_Islands to Iceland (1), Switzerland to Iceland (1), Denmark to Iceland (1), Norway to China (1) 0.93
B.1.1 UK (84%), USA (3%), Portugal (2%) February 16 to August 17 15735 Italy to Chile, Thailand, Nigeria, Czech_Republic, Iceland (9), Finland to Iceland (1), Austria to Iceland (2), Switzerland to Iceland (1), Saudia_Arabia to Turkey (1), UK to Iceland, China (4), USA to Taiwan, Brazil (3), Hungary to China (3), Nicaragua to Costa_Rica (2) 0.98
B.1.1.1 UK (86%), Australia (2%), Belgium (2%) March 03 to August 10 1091 Austria to Iceland (2) 0.99
B.1.1.10 UK (91%), USA (2%), Netherlands (2%) March 06 to July 20 454 USA to Iceland (1), UK to Iceland (1) 0.98
B.1.1.12 UK (100%) March 21 to April 22 27   1.0
B.1.1.13 UK (100%) March 28 to April 29 15   1.0
B.1.1.14 UK (100%) April 16 to June 27 58   1.0
B.1.1.15 UK (72%), Portugal (16%), Luxembourg (6%) March 09 to July 27 80   0.95
B.1.1.16 UK (100%) April 07 to June 16 42   0.97
B.1.1.17 Iceland (100%) March 06 to March 28 8 Italy to Iceland (1) 0.9
B.1.1.2 UK (100%) March 20 to July 15 475   0.99
B.1.1.20 UK (73%), Portugal (19%), USA (8%) March 21 to May 20 26   0.92
B.1.1.25 Bangladesh (94%), UK (3%), Australia (2%) March 23 to July 31 201   0.97
B.1.1.26 USA (100%) April 20 to June 22 46   0.98
B.1.1.27 Oman (100%) March 21 to June 10 55   1.0
B.1.1.28 Brazil (86%), UK (10%), Australia (2%) March 16 to June 24 105   0.98
B.1.1.29 UK (100%) April 08 to June 15 114   0.97
B.1.1.3 UK (100%) March 18 to June 03 102   0.99
B.1.1.30 UK (100%), Australia (0%) March 12 to August 15 563   0.98
B.1.1.31 Netherlands (100%) March 26 to May 26 13   0.93
B.1.1.32 India (97%), UK (2%), Spain (0%) March 24 to July 26 261   0.97
B.1.1.33 Brazil (83%), USA (8%), Argentina (3%) March 07 to July 06 203   0.99
B.1.1.34 South_Africa (93%), USA (7%) March 19 to July 21 14   0.83
B.1.1.35 UK (100%), Switzerland (0%), Uganda (0%) March 02 to August 18 2649 UK to Iceland (1) 0.99
B.1.1.36 USA (100%) April 06 to May 28 19   1.0
B.1.1.37 UK (100%) March 23 to August 21 373   0.98
B.1.1.38 UK (100%) April 29 to June 24 94   0.98
B.1.1.39 Switzerland (97%), UK (3%) July 01 to July 30 32   1.0
B.1.1.4 UK (100%) March 31 to August 05 142   0.98
B.1.1.40 South_Africa (100%) May 13 to July 18 8   0.8
B.1.1.41 UK (100%) March 21 to July 02 103   1.0
B.1.1.42 Turkey (90%), India (5%), UK (5%) April 13 to July 07 20   0.95
B.1.1.43 UK (100%) March 25 to May 26 66   0.5
B.1.1.44 UK (100%) March 23 to July 27 195   0.99
B.1.1.45 UK (100%) May 22 to July 15 47   1.0
B.1.1.46 India (100%) April 20 to June 21 34   1.0
B.1.1.47 Switzerland (73%), UK (20%), Italy (3%) July 01 to July 30 30   0.9
B.1.1.48 Japan (100%) March 29 to April 11 7   1.0
B.1.1.49 UK (100%) March 23 to May 31 56   1.0
B.1.1.5 UK (53%), Belgium (30%), Iceland (6%) March 16 to May 22 47   0.98
B.1.1.50 Israel (47%), UK (47%), Netherlands (5%) March 29 to July 27 19   1.0
B.1.1.51 UK (100%) June 01 to August 06 160   0.99
B.1.1.52 South_Africa (100%) June 10 to July 24 20   0.75
B.1.1.53 South_Africa (94%), UK (6%) April 02 to July 20 17   0.93
B.1.1.54 South_Africa (98%), UK (1%), USA (1%) March 19 to July 30 178   0.98
B.1.1.55 UK (100%) March 20 to July 11 80   0.86
B.1.1.56 South_Africa (98%), Australia (2%) March 21 to July 30 60   0.95
B.1.1.57 South_Africa (100%) March 31 to July 30 17   1.0
B.1.1.58 Switzerland (100%) June 23 to July 28 7   0.8
B.1.1.59 UK (99%), Bangladesh (1%) March 08 to July 24 131   0.98
B.1.1.6 Austria (100%) February 26 to April 06 8   1.0
B.1.1.60 UK (99%), Austria (0%), Bangladesh (0%) March 19 to July 31 289   0.98
B.1.1.61 USA (100%) February 29 to July 17 30   1.0
B.1.1.62 South_Africa (89%), Australia (6%), UK (6%) March 23 to July 30 18   0.9
B.1.1.63 Hong_Kong (90%), Norway (10%) July 04 to July 20 10   1.0
B.1.1.64 UK (96%), Australia (1%), France (1%) March 11 to July 05 213   0.95
B.1.1.65 USA (100%) April 15 to July 01 32   0.97
B.1.1.66 South_Africa (95%), UK (5%) April 05 to July 30 20   0.9
B.1.1.67 UK (68%), South_Africa (32%) June 07 to August 04 37   1.0
B.1.1.68 Russia (100%) April 03 to April 30 17   1.0
B.1.1.7 UK (91%), Japan (4%), Australia (2%) March 07 to August 06 182 USA to Iceland (1) 0.96
B.1.1.70 UK (54%), Switzerland (33%), Serbia (6%) March 24 to July 27 90   0.89
B.1.1.71 Netherlands (47%), UK (29%), Belgium (8%) March 10 to May 20 49   0.96
B.1.1.72 India (59%), UK (33%), Singapore (4%) March 28 to August 04 54   0.8
B.1.1.73 USA (100%) April 21 to July 22 34   1.0
B.1.1.74 UK (86%), Belgium (14%) March 29 to August 05 57   0.87
B.1.1.75 Belgium (41%), Sweden (23%), South_Africa (23%) March 19 to July 30 22   0.85
B.1.1.76 USA (100%) May 04 to June 18 32   0.82
B.1.1.77 USA (100%) April 27 to July 07 327   0.98
B.1.1.8 India (100%) May 11 to June 13 69   0.99
B.1.102 Iceland (67%), UK (29%), Spain (4%) February 24 to June 14 24   1.0
B.1.103 USA (100%) April 20 to May 22 17   0.95
B.1.104 UK (96%), USA (2%), Singapore (1%) March 19 to July 16 178   0.5
B.1.105 UK (100%) March 06 to June 08 90   0.99
B.1.106 South_Africa (56%), USA (39%), Spain (3%) March 16 to July 17 36   0.84
B.1.107 Denmark (43%), UK (34%), USA (19%) March 18 to June 29 53   0.84
B.1.108 USA (100%) March 18 to April 27 15   1.0
B.1.109 Luxembourg (100%) April 12 to May 19 8   1.0
B.1.11 UK (98%), Australia (2%) March 27 to July 13 156   0.96
B.1.110 USA (73%), Chile (20%), Australia (7%) March 02 to June 30 55   0.98
B.1.111 UK (58%), Colombia (32%), USA (5%) March 07 to May 06 19   0.93
B.1.112 USA (100%) April 07 to June 29 27   1.0
B.1.113 India (100%) June 03 to June 20 43   0.86
B.1.114 Canada (92%), Singapore (8%) March 08 to April 25 13   1.0
B.1.115 UK (53%), Israel (47%) March 22 to July 21 30   0.93
B.1.116 USA (100%) April 29 to June 10 24   1.0
B.1.117 UK (100%) March 30 to May 15 64   0.98
B.1.118 Denmark (100%) March 19 to April 14 12   1.0
B.1.119 USA (100%) April 30 to June 10 18   0.95
B.1.12 UK (46%), Belgium (33%), Luxembourg (21%) March 05 to June 24 48   0.98
B.1.120 UK (100%) March 27 to June 15 121   0.97
B.1.124 USA (100%) March 26 to June 18 39   0.95
B.1.126 Germany (90%), Bosnia_and_Herzegovina (10%) March 23 to May 20 10   1.0
B.1.127 Ukraine (100%) May 15 to June 23 8   0.5
B.1.128 DRC (53%), Switzerland (27%), Canada (10%) March 16 to May 22 30   1.0
B.1.129 Sweden (90%), Russia (5%), UK (5%) March 22 to May 25 20   1.0
B.1.13 UK (97%), Australia (1%), Poland (0%) March 09 to June 02 333   0.99
B.1.130 Saudi_Arabia (81%), USA (12%), India (6%) March 20 to June 17 16   0.33
B.1.131 Ukraine (90%), Latvia (10%) March 23 to July 11 10   1.0
B.1.132 India (95%), South_Africa (5%) June 07 to July 20 20   0.35
B.1.133 South_Africa (100%) June 25 to July 17 7   0.6
B.1.134 USA (100%) April 08 to July 15 23   0.91
B.1.135 Portugal (100%) March 18 to March 31 6   0.8
B.1.136 India (100%) March 27 to June 10 22   0.96
B.1.137 USA (100%) April 13 to May 14 22   1.0
B.1.138 Australia (100%) March 22 to March 26 6   0.8
B.1.139 USA (99%), Cuba (1%) March 19 to July 21 86   0.97
B.1.14 USA (100%) March 31 to May 07 21   1.0
B.1.140 South_Africa (61%), UK (38%), Hong_Kong (2%) March 15 to July 24 61   0.9
B.1.141 UK (99%), Kenya (0%), Greece (0%) March 10 to June 20 527   0.98
B.1.142 UK (100%), Sweden (0%) March 12 to June 25 303   0.99
B.1.143 India (91%), Luxembourg (3%), Brazil (3%) March 15 to June 15 32   0.91
B.1.144 South_Africa (100%) June 11 to June 25 6   0.8
B.1.145 India (100%) April 21 to June 25 11   0.9
B.1.146 Switzerland (91%), UK (9%) June 23 to July 23 11   0.83
B.1.147 Canada (44%), UK (33%), Belgium (10%) March 04 to May 25 87   0.95
B.1.148 UK (100%) March 24 to June 02 21   1.0
B.1.149 DRC (100%) April 08 to May 13 12   1.0
B.1.150 India (80%), Iran (10%), UK (10%) March 18 to June 05 10   0.7
B.1.151 UK (96%), Belgium (1%), France (1%) March 21 to May 26 70   0.99
B.1.152 UK (100%) March 29 to July 02 18   0.95
B.1.153 UK (89%), Belgium (2%), France (2%) March 12 to May 05 54   0.93
B.1.154 USA (100%) April 21 to June 22 22   0.95
B.1.156 UK (100%) March 20 to April 29 50   0.98
B.1.157 UK (82%), Spain (15%), Belgium (1%) March 08 to June 24 131   0.99
B.1.158 Finland (50%), Egypt (50%) March 13 to June 02 12   0.73
B.1.159 France (91%), Bangladesh (9%) March 18 to July 06 11   0.8
B.1.160 Saudi_Arabia (42%), India (30%), UK (13%) February 04 to August 05 263 Saudia_Arabia to Turkey (1) 0.95
B.1.160.1 UK (90%), Austria (4%), India (1%) March 14 to July 15 138   0.99
B.1.161 USA (100%) March 27 to May 16 26   0.69
B.1.162 USA (98%), Canada (2%) March 25 to July 16 49   0.96
B.1.163 USA (100%) March 16 to July 16 10   0.9
B.1.164 Latvia (100%) July 06 to August 05 12   0.9
B.1.165 UK (100%) April 16 to June 11 60   0.93
B.1.166 USA (100%) March 04 to June 10 38   1.0
B.1.167 UK (100%) March 27 to June 04 13   1.0
B.1.168 UK (100%) April 23 to May 19 37   0.97
B.1.169 USA (100%) March 27 to July 02 17   0.95
B.1.176 UK (100%) March 29 to May 13 17   1.0
B.1.19 USA (100%) March 22 to April 17 10   1.0
B.1.2 USA (95%), UK (3%), Australia (1%) March 09 to July 21 919   0.96
B.1.21 USA (100%), Panama (0%) March 10 to July 11 214   0.98
B.1.22 Netherlands (83%), Australia (5%), Austria (2%) March 09 to May 29 120   1.0
B.1.23 Australia (91%), New_Zealand (9%) March 23 to April 30 33   0.97
B.1.25 Australia (100%) March 22 to March 25 12   0.9
B.1.26 USA (81%), New_Zealand (12%), India (2%) March 17 to July 26 106   0.97
B.1.3 USA (73%), UK (12%), Israel (10%) March 05 to July 29 451   0.99
B.1.3.1 South_Korea (100%) May 05 to July 11 130   1.0
B.1.34 UK (100%) March 17 to April 26 22   0.91
B.1.35 UK (100%) March 07 to August 03 210   0.92
B.1.36 India (45%), Saudi_Arabia (34%), Bangladesh (5%) February 16 to August 22 366 Saudia_Arabia to Turkey (1), Iran to Turkey (1) 0.85
B.1.36.1 India (69%), UK (17%), Australia (5%) May 12 to August 05 64   0.92
B.1.37 USA (100%) March 10 to May 12 19   1.0
B.1.38 USA (100%) March 17 to April 08 11   1.0
B.1.39 Denmark (85%), UK (10%), New_Zealand (2%) March 13 to April 28 40   0.97
B.1.40 UK (100%) March 18 to May 23 49   1.0
B.1.44 UK (100%) March 25 to June 19 109   0.98
B.1.5 UK (58%), Spain (18%), USA (10%) February 26 to August 16 2490 Spain to Iceland, China, Costa_Rica (4), Portugal to Taiwan (1), Saudia_Arabia to Turkey (1), Belgium;United_Kingdom to Taiwan (1), Switzerland to Iceland (2) 0.95
B.1.5.11 USA (86%), Mexico (7%), Romania (3%) March 19 to June 22 29   0.93
B.1.5.12 Senegal (100%) April 17 to June 20 42   0.91
B.1.5.13 Romania (93%), Switzerland (7%) April 09 to July 10 14   1.0
B.1.5.14 Russia (86%), Hong_Kong (14%) March 20 to April 22 7   0.9
B.1.5.15 USA (100%) April 24 to May 27 19   1.0
B.1.5.16 South_Africa (100%) May 30 to July 21 8   1.0
B.1.5.17 USA (100%) April 20 to June 23 12   1.0
B.1.5.18 UK (100%) March 22 to June 01 58   0.97
B.1.5.19 South_Africa (100%) May 13 to July 13 7   1.0
B.1.5.2 Netherlands (95%), UK (5%) March 14 to April 21 37   1.0
B.1.5.20 Romania (91%), Ukraine (9%) March 22 to June 09 11   0.53
B.1.5.21 UK (100%) April 24 to June 25 62   1.0
B.1.5.22 South_Africa (100%) May 13 to July 22 9   0.9
B.1.5.23 Spain (100%) March 14 to April 11 11   1.0
B.1.5.24 USA (61%), Norway (31%), Mexico (8%) April 06 to July 17 64   0.97
B.1.5.25 UK (100%) March 21 to May 18 62   0.95
B.1.5.26 UK (100%) April 06 to May 19 73   1.0
B.1.5.27 USA (99%), Latvia (1%) March 30 to July 23 82   0.99
B.1.5.28 UK (100%) April 07 to July 18 19   0.95
B.1.5.5 UK (97%), Ecuador (1%), Italy (1%) April 08 to July 17 77   0.95
B.1.5.6 UK (91%), Spain (7%), Netherlands (2%) February 28 to August 16 193   0.96
B.1.6 Belgium (76%), UK (10%), Australia (5%) March 05 to May 20 21   1.0
B.1.67 UK (96%), Ecuador (4%) March 25 to April 17 23   1.0
B.1.68.1 USA (100%) May 07 to May 08 6   0.8
B.1.69 UK (100%) March 06 to April 16 23   1.0
B.1.70 UK (100%) March 13 to April 24 36   0.94
B.1.71 UK (100%) March 18 to May 23 38   0.93
B.1.72 UK (100%) March 16 to April 24 52   0.94
B.1.74 Spain (78%), Portugal (11%), Chile (6%) March 01 to April 22 18   1.0
B.1.75 UK (97%), Mexico (1%), Luxembourg (1%) March 06 to July 17 154   0.97
B.1.76 UK (100%) February 24 to August 12 71   0.96
B.1.77 UK (97%), Canada (2%), USA (1%) March 14 to July 18 156   0.86
B.1.78 Netherlands (85%), UK (12%), DRC (3%) March 16 to August 10 33   0.84
B.1.79 UK (97%), India (1%), Cyprus (1%) March 28 to July 25 97   0.98
B.1.8 Netherlands (54%), South_Africa (10%), Iceland (5%) March 04 to May 26 94 Austria to Iceland (5), UK to South_Africa (1), Netherlands to South_Africa (1) 0.96
B.1.8.2 USA (100%) April 22 to May 07 19   1.0
B.1.80 India (91%), Australia (2%), Luxembourg (1%) April 06 to July 09 81   0.94
B.1.81 UK (97%), Iceland (3%) March 16 to May 07 34 Austria to Iceland (1) 0.94
B.1.82 UK (100%) May 19 to July 03 41   1.0
B.1.83 Belgium (95%), USA (5%) March 23 to April 29 21   1.0
B.1.84 DRC (100%) April 10 to May 23 17   0.9
B.1.88 UK (98%), Australia (1%), Romania (1%) March 12 to June 04 80   0.95
B.1.89 UK (100%) March 22 to May 21 79   0.99
B.1.9 UK (31%), Turkey (25%), Belgium (20%) March 14 to July 14 121 Saudia_Arabia to Turkey (1) 0.97
B.1.90 UK (100%) March 23 to May 16 38   0.89
B.1.91 Portugal (100%) March 14 to May 02 79   0.97
B.1.93 UK (99%), Switzerland (1%), Spain (0%) March 11 to July 22 885 Egypt to Taiwan (1) 1.0
B.1.94 Luxembourg (92%), Switzerland (8%) March 15 to April 24 12   1.0
B.1.95 India (100%) April 14 to May 24 12   0.9
B.1.96 Netherlands (94%), USA (6%) March 14 to May 07 18   1.0
B.1.97 UK (100%) March 24 to May 05 36   1.0
B.1.98 UK (92%), USA (5%), Australia (1%) February 03 to July 17 551 UK to Iceland (1) 0.98
B.10 UK (100%) March 11 to May 15 102   0.97
B.11 UK (44%), Netherlands (39%), Belgium (3%) January 29 to June 07 207 UK to Iceland (1), Netherlands to Ecuador (1) 0.95
B.12 Japan (97%), Malaysia (3%) January 20 to April 15 34   1.0
B.13 USA (100%) April 03 to May 05 11   0.9
B.15 UK (100%) March 11 to April 14 40   1.0
B.16 UK (100%) March 13 to June 23 244   1.0
B.17 USA (100%) March 23 to April 13 9   1.0
B.18 UK (86%), Iceland (14%) March 16 to June 09 22 UK to Iceland (1) 1.0
B.19 USA (100%) March 31 to April 20 14   1.0
B.2 UK (77%), USA (4%), Spain (3%) January 16 to July 22 1793 UK to Iceland, China (3), Italy to Iceland, Brazil (2), China to Italy (1), USA to Kuwait (1) 0.97
B.2.1 UK (93%), Australia (2%), USA (2%) February 09 to July 20 2157 UK to Iceland (1) 1.0
B.2.10 South_Korea (91%), UK (6%), USA (2%) February 18 to April 09 47   0.94
B.2.11 Israel (88%), Taiwan (12%) March 17 to April 11 8   1.0
B.2.12 USA (100%) March 15 to May 13 26   1.0
B.2.2 UK (90%), USA (2%), Australia (2%) February 25 to August 02 345 Switzerland to Iceland (1) 0.98
B.2.4 UK (82%), Australia (8%), New_Zealand (6%) March 03 to May 20 154   0.97
B.2.6 UK (89%), Australia (5%), Iceland (2%) March 05 to June 07 63   0.98
B.2.7 Iceland (100%) March 12 to March 29 13   1.0
B.2.8 Hong_Kong (100%) February 08 to March 09 23   0.95
B.20 USA (100%) April 01 to May 12 12   0.87
B.21 UK (90%), Australia (6%), Japan (4%) March 05 to May 19 51   0.96
B.23 UK (95%), Iceland (2%), Portugal (1%) February 28 to June 16 256 UK to Iceland (1), Austria to Iceland (1) 0.96
B.24 UK (98%), China (2%) March 02 to May 21 57 UK to China (1) 0.98
B.25 UK (100%) March 06 to May 27 22   1.0
B.26 UK (98%), Australia (2%) March 17 to May 01 63   0.98
B.27 UK (100%) March 03 to May 26 51   1.0
B.3 UK (89%), Belgium (2%), Australia (1%) February 23 to August 03 1123 Austria to Iceland (1) 0.99
B.4 Australia (20%), UK (20%), India (9%) January 18 to July 19 249 Iran to Germany, Canada, Australia, Pakistan, Turkey, New_Zealand, Lebanon (8), UK to Lebanon (1), Italy to China (1), France to China (1) 0.94
B.4.1 Kazakhstan (100%) April 19 to April 26 10   1.0
B.4.2 Bahrain (92%), United_Arab_Emirates (8%) February 25 to April 08 13   1.0
B.4.3 Australia (100%) March 10 to May 10 22   1.0
B.5 Japan (89%), USA (11%) February 15 to February 21 9   1.0
B.6 India (43%), Singapore (40%), Australia (5%) February 14 to July 26 799 Philippines to Taiwan (1), Pakistan to China (1) 0.98
B.6.1 Malaysia (94%), Brunei (6%) March 21 to May 04 16   0.62
B.9 UK (88%), Australia (7%), New_Zealand (3%) March 12 to May 09 59   0.97

Lineage descriptions

Lineage Notes
B Base of this lineage also lies in China, with many global exports, two distinct SNPs 8782TC and 28144CT define this lineage
B.1 A large European lineage that corresponds to the Italian outbreak.
B.1.1 European lineage that’s been assigned due to high support and 3 clear SNPs 28881GA,28882GA,28883GC
B.1.1.1 UK/ Europe
B.1.1.10 Formerly UK/ Iceland, a lot of diversity in this lineage, now has a Turkish sequence.
B.1.1.12 Scottish lineage
B.1.1.13 UK lineage (CAMB)
B.1.1.14 Scottish lineage
B.1.1.15 Luxembourgh/ UK/ Portugal lineage
B.1.1.16 Wales lineage (some reassigned to B.1.1 as split up in most recent phylogeny)
B.1.1.17 Iceland lineage
B.1.1.19 Reassigned to B.1.1 as split up in most recent phylogeny. Australian lineage
B.1.1.2 Welsh lineage
B.1.1.20 Scottish lineage
B.1.1.21 Australian lineage reassigned to B.1.1 in most recent phylogeny
B.1.1.22 South African lineage
B.1.1.23 Bangladesh lineage, merged into B.1.1.25 in most recent phylogeny
B.1.1.24 Portuguese lineage
B.1.1.25 Bangladesh lineage
B.1.1.26 US lineage (WA)
B.1.1.27 Lineage in Oman
B.1.1.28 Brazil lineage, some sister sequences from parent node are also from Brazil, however there’s sequences from a variety of other locations on that node.
B.1.1.29 Wales lineage
B.1.1.3 English lineage
B.1.1.30 UK lineage (Wales & England)
B.1.1.31 Netherlands lineage
B.1.1.32 Indian lineage
B.1.1.33 Majoritively South American lineage, lots of Brazil sequences represented
B.1.1.34 South African lineage
B.1.1.35 Previously a large part of B.1.1.1, however in the most recent phylogeny, this has become a sister lineage to B.1.1.1. UK sequences represented in this lineage.
B.1.1.36 USA (CA) lineage
B.1.1.37 UK lineage (England)
B.1.1.38 Wales lineage
B.1.1.39 Swiss lineage
B.1.1.4 UK lineage
B.1.1.40 South African lineage
B.1.1.41 English lineage
B.1.1.42 Turkish lineage
B.1.1.43 Scottish lineage
B.1.1.44 UK lineage
B.1.1.45 UK lineage
B.1.1.46 Indian lineage
B.1.1.47 Swiss lineage
B.1.1.48 Japanese lineage
B.1.1.49 Wales lineage
B.1.1.5 Iceland/ Belgium/ UK
B.1.1.50 UK/ Israel lineage
B.1.1.51 UK lineage
B.1.1.52 South African lineage (same parent node as B.1.1.53, but parent node is a large polytomy)
B.1.1.53 South African lineage (same parent node as B.1.1.53, but parent node is a large polytomy)
B.1.1.54 South African lineage
B.1.1.55 England lineage
B.1.1.56 South African lineage
B.1.1.57 South African lineage
B.1.1.58 Swiss lineage
B.1.1.59 Wales lineage
B.1.1.6 Austrian lineage
B.1.1.60 Northern Ireland lineage
B.1.1.61 USA lineage (CA)
B.1.1.62 South African lienage
B.1.1.63 Hong Kong lineage
B.1.1.64 UK lineage
B.1.1.65 USA lineage (WA), previously B.1.1.26, however split in most recent phylogeny
B.1.1.66 South African lineage
B.1.1.67 English/ South African lineage
B.1.1.68 Russian lineage
B.1.1.69 Switzerland/ UK/ Italy lineage
B.1.1.7 UK lineage
B.1.1.70 Northern Ireland lineage
B.1.1.71 Australian/ Belgium/ Netherlands lineage
B.1.1.72 UK/ India lineage
B.1.1.73 USA lineage
B.1.1.74 Northern Ireland/ Belgium lineage
B.1.1.75 Belgium/ South Africa/ DRC lineage
B.1.1.76 USA lineage (WA)
B.1.1.77 USA lineage (WA)
B.1.1.8 Indian lineage
B.1.1.9 Reassigned B.1.1, split into three this week, unstable lineage
B.1.1.p11 Reassigned B.1.1, previously Portugal/ Wales/ England/ Ecuador
B.1.100 Reassigned to B.1.5.26, Scottish lineage
B.1.101 Scottish lineage, reassigned to B.1.5.18
B.1.102 Icelandic lineage
B.1.103 US lineage (MI)
B.1.104 English lineage
B.1.105 English lineage (CAMB)
B.1.106 South African lineage, some USA sequences
B.1.107 Danish lineage, with new USA and UK sequences nested within (previously B.1.5/ B.1.5.8)
B.1.108 US lineage
B.1.109 Luxembourg lineage
B.1.11 UK lineage, pruned down relative to previous release. A number of sequences previously assigned B.1.11 reassigned to B.1 and some reassigned to B.1.88.
B.1.110 Chilean/ US lineage
B.1.111 South American/ English lineage
B.1.112 US lineage (UT & WI)
B.1.113 Indian lineage, some sequences reassigned from B.1.36
B.1.114 Canadian lineage
B.1.115 Israel/ UK lineage
B.1.116 US lineage
B.1.117 UK lineage (BRIS)
B.1.118 Danish lineage
B.1.119 US lineage (MI)
B.1.12 BeNeLux/ UK lineage
B.1.120 Wales lineage
B.1.121 Australian lineage
B.1.122 Welsh lineage
B.1.123 Washington lineage, had previously been part of B.1.21, and has rejoined it in the most recent phylogeny
B.1.124 USA lineage (WA)
B.1.125 South African lineage
B.1.126 German lineage
B.1.127 Ukraine/ Latvian lineage
B.1.128 European/ DRC lineage
B.1.129 Swedish lineage
B.1.13 UK lineage
B.1.130 Saudi Arabian lineage, some sequences had previously been assigned B.1.36. Possible that it may be reassigned B.1.36 again in future due to uncertainty in ML searching.
B.1.131 Ukraine lineage
B.1.132 Indian lineage, some sequences previously assigned B.1.36 & B.1.113. Possible that it may be reassigned B.1.36 again in future due to uncertainty in ML searching.
B.1.133 South African lineage
B.1.134 USA lineage (OR)
B.1.135 Small Portuguese lineage
B.1.136 Indian lineage
B.1.137 USA lineage (UT)
B.1.138 Small Australian lineage
B.1.139 USA lineage
B.1.14 USA lineage
B.1.140 South African/ English lineage
B.1.141 Scottish lineage
B.1.142 Welsh lineage (B.1.5.9 reassigned as it falls outside of B.1.5 in the most recent phylogeny)
B.1.143 Indian lineage
B.1.144 South African lineage
B.1.145 Indian lineage
B.1.146 Swiss lineage
B.1.147 Canadian lineage, with French, Belgian, DRC and English sequences
B.1.148 English lineage
B.1.149 DRC lineage
B.1.150 Indian lineage with very long branch Iran sequence
B.1.151 UK lineage
B.1.152 English lineage
B.1.153 English lineage with some Australian, New Zealand and European sequences
B.1.154 USA lineage
B.1.155 USA (WA) lineage
B.1.156 Scottish lineage
B.1.157 UK lineage with some European sequences
B.1.158 Finland lineage
B.1.159 France/ Bangladesh lineage
B.1.160 Previously part of B.1.36: Tukey, India Saudi Arabia lineage (split in the most recent phylogeny)
B.1.160.1 English lineage nested in diversity of B.1.160
B.1.161 USA lineage (OR)
B.1.162 USA lineage (WI)
B.1.163 USA lineage (CA & OR)
B.1.164 Latvian lineage
B.1.165 English lineage
B.1.166 USA lineage (CA)
B.1.167 UK lineage
B.1.168 Scottish lineage
B.1.169 USA lineage (WA & OR)
B.1.170 German lineage
B.1.171 Lineage with sequences from Israel
B.1.172 USA lineage (CA) (also Ireland)
B.1.173 USA lineage (WA) (also Sierra Leone)
B.1.174 English lineage
B.1.175 English lineage (CAMB)
B.1.176 English lineage (SHEF)
B.1.19 USA lineage (WI)
B.1.2 USA lineage
B.1.21 Washington (USA)
B.1.22 Netherlands lineage, now with some European sequences and some Australian sequences
B.1.23 Australian lineage with a New Zealand sequence at base
B.1.25 Australian lineage
B.1.26 New Zealand/ USA lineage
B.1.29 USA lineage reassigned to B.1 as the structure of this lineage not present in the most recent phylogeny
B.1.3 USA lineage
B.1.3.1 South Korean lineage
B.1.30 English lineage
B.1.31 Australia lineage split up this phylogeny, reassigned to B.1
B.1.32 Swedish lineage
B.1.34 England lineage (NOTT)
B.1.35 UK lineage (Wales & England)
B.1.36 Global lineage with lots of representation of sequences from India and Saudi Arabia. Sequences also from Europe and UK. Now includes sequences that previously had been assigned B.1.113.
B.1.36.1 Indian lineage
B.1.36.2 Bangladesh lineage
B.1.37 USA lineage (VA)
B.1.38 USA lineage
B.1.39 Danish lineage
B.1.40 Scottish lineage
B.1.41 USA lineage: Split up in most recent phylogeny, reassigned to B.1
B.1.42 Sweden/ Denmark lineage
B.1.43 USA lineage
B.1.44 Wales lineage
B.1.5 European lineage/ lots of Spanish sequences towards the basal end of the subtree and exports around the globe. Low support at parent node now, potentially as a result of homoplasies
B.1.5.10 UK lineage
B.1.5.11 USA lineage
B.1.5.12 Senegal lineage
B.1.5.13 Romanian lineage
B.1.5.14 Russian lineage
B.1.5.15 USA lineage (CA)
B.1.5.16 South African lineage
B.1.5.17 USA lineage (OR & AK)
B.1.5.18 Scottish lineage (previously B.1.101)
B.1.5.19 South African lineage
B.1.5.2 Netherlands lineage
B.1.5.20 Romanian lineage
B.1.5.21 Scottish lineage
B.1.5.22 South Arican lineage
B.1.5.23 Spanish lineage
B.1.5.24 Norwegian lineage
B.1.5.25 UK lineage (previously B.1.99)
B.1.5.26 Scottish lineage (previously B.1.100)
B.1.5.27 USA lineage (CA)
B.1.5.28 English lineage
B.1.5.3 English lineage (now containing an Australian & Swedish seqeuence)
B.1.5.4 Reassigned to B.1.5 as B.1.5 now seems to be European/ Spanish, so B.1.5.4 not a new introduction
B.1.5.5 English lineage
B.1.5.6 UK lineage
B.1.5.8 US lineage
B.1.5.9 Welsh lineage (reassigned to B.1.142 as it falls outside of B.1.5 in the most recent phylogeny)
B.1.6 Belgian lineage
B.1.66 English lineage
B.1.67 Welsh lineage, sequence from Ecuador
B.1.68 USA lineage (UT)
B.1.68.1 USA lineage (TX)
B.1.69 Scottish lineage
B.1.70 Scottish lineage
B.1.71 UK lineage (Scotland and Wales sequences )
B.1.72 UK lineage (BRIS)
B.1.74 Spanish lineage, with sequences from Portugal too
B.1.75 English lineage
B.1.76 English lineage
B.1.77 UK lineage
B.1.78 Netherlands lineage
B.1.79 English lineage, now reassigned to B.1.5
B.1.8 Netherlands/ South African lineage, with sequences from Europe
B.1.8.1 South African lineage (sequences reassigned to B.1.8)
B.1.8.2 USA (CA) lineage
B.1.80 Indian lineage with an English sequence
B.1.81 English lineage
B.1.82 English lineage
B.1.83 Belgian lineage
B.1.84 DRC lineage
B.1.85 USA lineage
B.1.86 English lineage (SHEF)
B.1.87 Indian lineage, with some Chinese and South African sequences
B.1.88 UK lineage, previously some of these seqeunces had been assigned B.1.11, but this clade has split in the tree.
B.1.89 Scottish lineage
B.1.9 Netherlands/ Belgium/ Turkey/ DRC
B.1.90 Scottish lineage
B.1.91 Portuguese lineage, parent node in B.1 also has Portuguese diversity, however is interspersed with sequences from UK and other European countries
B.1.93 UK lineage, majoritively Scottish sequences
B.1.94 Luxembourg lineage
B.1.95 Indian lineage
B.1.96 Netherlands lineage
B.1.97 English lineage
B.1.98 UK lineage with some USA and Australian sequences in
B.1.99 Now reassigned to B.1.5.25, English lineage
B.1.p16 Belgium lineage, reassigned to B.1
B.10 Lineage with a lot of representation from sequences in the UK, including Northern Ireland, England and Scotland
B.11 European lineage with sequences from the Netherlands, UK, Austria, Slovakia
B.12 Japan lineage (BS=100)
B.13 USA (WI) lineage located off the polytomy at the base of the B lineage
B.14 USA (CA) lineage
B.15 UK lineage (England and Wales)
B.16 Scottish lineage
B.17 US lineage (WI)
B.18 European lineage (Iceland and England)
B.19 US lineage (CA)
B.2 European lineage
B.2.1 Large lineage majoritively from UK and Australia with representation from Europe, Jordan, USA, India, Ghana (BS=21)
B.2.10 South Korean lineage
B.2.11 Lineage with sequences from Israel
B.2.12 USA lineage
B.2.2 Lineage with representation from UK/ USA/ Australia
B.2.4 England/ Australia/ New Zealand lineage (BS=94)
B.2.5 Reassigned to B.2 this week, consistently low support with similar metadata now present in parent lineage.
B.2.6 UK lineage
B.2.7 Iceland lineage
B.2.8 Hong Kong lineage nested within B.2, B.2 also contains diversity from Hong Kong along with sequences from around the globe.
B.2.9 Reassigned B.2 as similiar diversity to parent nodes
B.20 US lineage (CA)
B.21 UK lineage
B.22 Denmark lineage (BS=100)
B.23 Lineage with representation from mainly UK sequences, but also sequences from Portugal, Iceland and Brazil
B.24 Scottish lineage
B.25 English lineage
B.26 Scottish lineage
B.27 English lineage
B.3 A European lineage with a lot of Welsh sequences
B.4 Iran lineage, many sequences we have of this lineage are associated with travel histories from Iran. Significant number of sequences from the UAE, Kenya and Australia
B.4.1 A small lineage from Kazakhstan within the B.4 diversity
B.4.2 A lineage with mostly sequences from Bahrein
B.4.3 Australian lineage nested within the diversity of B.4
B.5 Japanese lineage
B.6 Indian and Singapore lineage with global diversity. Within this lineage, Indian sequences are the majority of the sequences present at the base of the lineage. Towards the tips, there is a greater representation of sequences derived from Singapore. There is also representation from South East Asia/ North America/ Europe/ Israel/ Gambia/ Timor-leste
B.6.1 Malaysian lineage
B.7 Hong Kong lineage reassigned to B.2.8 (BS=75)
B.9 Lineage with sequences from the UK, Australia and New Zealand