Lineage B.1.1.28

Table 1 | Summary of lineage & sub-lineages



Lineage Most common countries Earliest date Number designated Number assigned Travel History Description
B.1.1.28 Brazil 70.0%, United States of America 14.0%, Japan 2.0%, Portugal 2.0%, Paraguay 1.0% 2020-03-05 874 2300 Brazil mostly, absorbed B.1.1.94 and B.1.1.143
P.1 United States of America 53.0%, Brazil 23.0%, Italy 5.0%, Belgium 5.0%, Netherlands 2.0% 2020-10-03 146 14181 Alias of B.1.1.28.1, Brazilian lineage with a number of spike mutaions with likely functional significance E484K, K417T, and N501Y. Described in https://virological.org/t/genomic-characterisation-of-an-emergent-sars-cov-2-lineage-in-manaus-preliminary-findings/586.
P.1.1 United States of America 51.0%, Brazil 19.0%, Italy 9.0%, Germany 7.0%, France 5.0% 2020-12-16 108 74 Alias of B.1.1.28.1.1, European lineage in Italy and Germany
P.1.2 Spain 100.0% 2021-04-03 36 1 Alias of B.1.1.28.1.2, Netherlands/Brazil lineage. Imported into Netherlands, likely with local transmission here and continued circulation within and/or reintroduction into Brazil, pango-designation issue #56
P.2 United States of America 43.0%, Brazil 35.0%, French_Guiana 3.0%, United Kingdom 2.0%, Suriname 2.0% 2020-04-15 424 2417 Alias of B.1.1.28.2, Brazilian lineage
P.3 Philippines 71.0%, Germany 6.0%, Netherlands 5.0%, United Kingdom 5.0%, Japan 3.0% 2021-01-16 31 115 Alias of B.1.1.28.3, Lineage predominantly in the Philippines with spike mutations E484K, N501Y, P681H, 141-143del. Described in Tablizo et al 2021: https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2021.03.03.21252812v2